Lumbini, being the birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha is the ultimate pilgrimage to the Buddhists that emanates peace, harmony and solace. In addition to promoting contemplative value and spirituality, Lumbini offers a plethora of opportunities for those who are interested to explore the cultural treasure troves and natural splendors. The existence of Lumbini village was also mentioned by the early travelers including famous Emperor Asoka who visited Lumbini in 249 BC and erected a stone pillar bearing inscription engraved in Brahmi script and Pali language. The translated version of the last line written in the inscription is, “The lord having been born here, the tax of the Lumbini village reduced to the eight-part (only)”. Today, the Lumbini Cultural Municipality encompasses the ancient Lumbini Game (village), surrounding villages of Lumbini and beautiful natural landscapes around it. One of the interesting features of these surrounding rural villages of Lumbini is that the majority of Hindu and Muslim communities are safeguarding and promoting Buddhist heritage sites including the birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha. They feel proud and honored to be the true custodian of this sacred shrine. A visit to the surrounding villages and natural sites also gives visitor a rare opportunity to come across the most preferred birds of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha, the Sarus Crane, the most preferred plants Asoka tree, Sal tree, Mango tree, Pipal tree etc. and crops such as rice, peas, golden gram, sesame etc.