Ramadan ( Ramazan )
Ramadan, also pronounced as Ramazan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The Muslims observe fasting (Sawm or Roza) for the whole month of Ramadan to commemorate the first revelation of the holy Quran to Muhammad. Observing Roza is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. All Muslims, except those who are ill, travelling, elderly and women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or having menstrual period fast during Ramadan that lasts for 29–30 days, based on the sightings of the crescent moon. The Muslim communities in and around Lumbini region also observe Ramadan with equal devotion. They fast from dawn till the sunset (they do not drink even water) and refrain from smoking, and engaging in sexual relations and sinful behavior like false speech (insulting, backbiting, cursing, lying etc.) and aggressive actions. Muslims eat and drink before dawn and after sunset only during the whole month. They believe that spiritual rewards (thawab) are multiplied if the fasting is observed in the month of Ramadan. During this festival people gather in Mosques, offer salat (prayers) to Allah and recite the verses of Quran. They give Zakat (charity, alms) to needy people. The day of Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan on which people exchange greetings to each other and feast on the best food.