Tilaurakot - Hometown of Prince Siddhartha
Situated 29km west of Lumbini, 3km north-west of Taulihawa, Tilaurakot was rediscovered in 1899 by P. C. Mukherji and is recognized by many scholars as the ancient capital city of the Kapilavastu, the Sakya kingdom where Prince Siddhartha spent his early life. Tilaurakot exhibits perfect features of ancient palace architecture as it is at a higher elevation secured by a wide and tall fortification wall and a moat encircling it from outside. Archaeological excavations at Tilaurakot have revealed Grey ware (9/8th century BC), NBP (6/5th century BC) ; coin minting factory, palace structures, temples, ponds, roads, earth ramparts, brick fortification, ancient habitation and various antiquities within thirteen layers of human depositions dated from 9/8th century BC to 2-3 century AD. These findings support the fact that Tilaurakot had been a capital city. To Lumbini Pakadi Dohani Tauleshwor Nath Temple Kudan Gotihawa Araurakot Tilaurakot Niglihawa Sagarhawa Jahadi Jagadispur Tal Taulihawa Sisaniya To Chakad Chauda Border (India) To Khunuwa Border (India) To Gorusinghe To Jitpur (Highway) Vikchhu Chwok Ancient Bhagirathi RiverImportant archaeological and religious monuments have been uncovered from Tilaurakot and these are: (a) The Western Gate, (b) Central Structural Complex, (c) Central Pond, (d) Samai Mai Temple, (e) The Eastern Gate (Mahabhiniskramana Dwara), (f) The Fortification Wall, (g) The Northern Twin Stupa (Dhamnihawa Stupa), (h) Eastern Stupa and Monastery (Hastigarta), and (i) The Southern Industrial Mound (Lohasaudiya).